Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Domestic Violence and Abuse in Australia :: Violence Against Women Essays

Domestic violence is a significant social issue that has a major impact upon the health of women in society. Discuss this statement and identify the factors that may contribute to domestic violence. Domestic violence is known by many names including spouse abuse, domestic abuse, domestic assault, battering, partner abuse, marital strife, marital dispute, wife beating, marital discord, woman abuse, dysfunctional relationship, intimate fighting, male beating and so on. McCue (1995) maintains that it is commonly accepted by legal professionals as "the emotional, physical, psychological, or sexual abuse perpetrated against a person by that person's spouse, former spouse, partner, former partner or by the other parent of a minor child" (although several other forms of domestic violence have become increasingly apparent in today's society). Whatever name is used to refer to it, however, domestic violence is a very grave and difficult problem faced by Australian society. Although domestic violence can include the abuse of parents, children, siblings and other relatives, it predominantly involves violence against sexual partners with women being the most common victims and men being the 'aggressors' (Family Violence Professional Education Taskforce 1991). It is inadequate to view domestic violence as an aspect of the normal interpersonal conflict which takes place in most families. According to McCue (1995), many families experience conflict, but not all male members of families inevitably resort to violence. It is not the fact of family disputes or marital conflict that generate or characterize violence in the home. Violence occurs when one person assumes the right to dominate over the other and decides to use violence or abuse as a means of ensuring that domination (Family Violence Professional Education Taskforce 1991). Although all forms of domestic violence are pressing issues of equal importance, this essay is more specifically directed at spouse abuse and aims to delve deeper into the issue of domestic violence by examining its causes with respect to the socioeconomic status of the particular family and its effects upon women in Australian society. The FACS (Family and Community Services) booklet (1995), defines domestic violence as follows: 'when a woman suffers persistent physical, verbal, economic or social abuse from her partner with the result that she suffers a sustained emotional and, or psychological effect.' Domestic violence is the most common form of assault in Australia today. However, it remains a hidden problem because it occurs within the privacy of the home and those involved are usually reluctant to speak out (Healey 1993).

Monday, January 13, 2020

Aproaches to learning †Theories of learning styles and learning strategies Essay

Kolb (1984), in introducing the idea of the experiential learning cycle and of learning styles, defines learning as the process whereby â€Å"knowledge is created through the transformation of expertise†. He suggests that ideas are not fixed but are formed and modified through current and past experiences. His learning cycle consists of four stages; completing each stage is important to improve learning in the next stage : Active Experimentation (The learner actively uses the theories formed and also tries them in new situations. The latter takes him back to the start of the cycle. ) – Concrete Experience (The learner is encouraged to become involved in new experiences. ) – Reflective Observation (The learner reflect on his experience from different perspective. Enough time and supportive feedback is helpful in this stage. ) – Abstract Conceptualisation (The learner forms ideas and logical theories. ) Of course, not everyone acts in the same way, some prefer considering all possible alternatives whilst others like trying out as much as possible. Hence, Kolb associated four learning styles with his learning cycle: the Converger, who applies ideas in a practical way, the Accommodator, who carries out plans and tasks involving him in new experiences, the Diverger, who has good imagination and ideas, and finally the Assimilator, who creates theoretical models. Kolb also points out that learning styles are not fixed personality traits but relatively stable patterns of behaviour. Based on Kolb’s model Honey and Mumford (1992) developed a similar model with new terms for Kolb’s learning preferences (Honey and Mumford terms in brackets): Active Experimentation (Activist) – Concrete Experience (Pragmatist) – Reflective Observation (Reflector) – Abstract Conceptualisation (Theorist) According to Honey and Mumford four learning styles can be distinguished: the Activist, the Pragmatist, the Reflector, and the Theorist: Activist’s strengths: – Acting quickly; interested in actually doing things – Putting ideas into action Activist’s weaknesses – Lack of planning and attention to detail – Unlikely to consider many alternatives Pragmatist’s strengths – Integrating theory and practice. – Testing things out to get correct solutions Pragmatist’s weaknesses – Lack of imagination – Impatient – Not interested in concepts and theories Reflector’s strengths: – Collecting data from variety of sources – Reflecting on experiences Reflector’s weaknesses: – Needs a lot of time before he is able to start – Dislike precise instructions Theorist’s strengths – Creating theoretical models – Paying attention to detail and systematic analysis Theorist’s weaknesses – Overcautious – Relies on logic and usually does not trust feelings – Needs a stated purpose. Honey and Mumford developed a Learning Styles Questionnaire to be used as a checklist to identify one’s learning preference. Kolb states the combination of all four learning forms produces the highest level of learning by allowing more powerful and adaptive forms of learning to emerge. But still, there is the danger of labelling people as ‘theorists’ or ‘pragmatists’ although most people exhibit more than one strong preference. To overcome this problem other theorists, e. g. Schmeck (1988) and Entwistle (1998), use the expression ‘learning strategy’ which also includes personal traits. According to them people can not be labelled because they usually react flexibly on learning, depending on the expected outcome: A student may read a book about the British history because he is actually interested in or because he needs to read it to pass an exam. Either way involves learning, but in the second case the student is unlikely to take notes about facts he is interested in but those the tutor may ask. Bibliography: Bendrey, M. et al (1996), Accounting and Finance in Business. London: Continuum. Cottrell, S. (2003) The Study Skills Handbook. New York: Palgrave Macmillian. Entwistle, N. (1998) Styles of Learning and Teaching. London: David Fulton Publishers. Brown, R. and Hawksley, B. (1996) Learning skills, studying styles and profiling. Dinton: Mark Allen Publishing. Honey, P. and Mumford, A. (1992) The manual of learning styles, Maidenhead: Peter Honey Publications Ltd. Honey, P. and Mumford, A. (2000) The learning styles helper’s guide. Maidenhead: Peter Honey Publications Ltd. Kolb, D. A. (1984) Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Archetypal Criticism In To Kill A Mockingbird Essay

Literary criticism is informed, written analysis, evaluation of a work of literature based on literary theory. One literary theory is archetypal criticism which discusses reoccurring symbols, themes, and situations that operate on universal scales that are easily recognized and understandable by the reader. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee exhibits archetypal criticism. From the archetypes readers are able to understand the characters better and how their actions move the story along. Throughout the story, Harper Lee uses archetypes victim, mentor, and loss of innocence. The archetype victim is displayed in several characters. Tom Robinson is a victim of Maycomb’s prejudice when he was killed by prison guards, â€Å"They fired a†¦show more content†¦Scout and Jem have only heard rumors of Boo, prompting their curiosity to find out more, thus their actions lead to poking into Boo’s life on his property. Boo was falsely accused of being a monster, stabbing his father with scissors, all of which were gossip that spread like facts. The children and Maycomb itself blames Boo and secludes him based on rumors not experience. All in all Tom Robinson, Jem, and Boo displayed the victim archetype. The mentor archetype is shown in several characters. Mrs. Dubose was a mentor to Scout and Jem, as explained by Atticus when he said, â€Å"‘...I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know youre licked before you begin but you begin anyway an d you see it through no matter what’† (Lee 128). Mrs. Dubose’s fight against her addiction teaches them that they did not know the true story and pain she felt when she was still alive. By fighting that pain and slowly breaking from it, she showed courage, something that the kids needed later. She could have taken the easy way out but her will was strong and she dealt with it until she overcame it. This experience prepared the kids for the trial where they would face greater pain but would need the ability to remain resilient against attacks. Additionally, Aunt Alexandra was a mentor to Scout when Scout composed herself like a true lady, â€Å"With my best company manners I asked her is sheShow MoreRelatedThe Ability Of A Classic Book879 Words   |  4 Pagesparadigmatic or prominent, for instance, books like Pride and Prejudice, To Kill a Mockingbird, Of Mice and Men and so forth, are listed in a list of great books. Either through an imprimatur or a readerâ⠂¬â„¢s opinion. Per Henrik Blidal, Casper Sylvest and Perter Wilson in ‘Classics of international Relations: Essays in criticism and appreciation’ they define a classic in five key ways; ‘the acknowledged or undisputed classic†, â€Å"the archetypal classic†, â€Å"the classic in the making†,† the overlooked classic† and

Friday, December 27, 2019

Racism Racism And Racial Discrimination - 1425 Words

Racism consists of ideologies and practices that seek to justify, or cause, the unequal distribution of privileges, rights or goods among different racial groups. Modern variants are often based in social perceptions of biological differences between peoples. These can take the form of social actions, practices or beliefs, or political systems that consider different races to be ranked as inherently superior or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualities. It may also hold that members of different races should be treated differently. Among the questions about how to define racism are the question of whether to include forms of discrimination that are unintentional, such as making assumptions about preferences or abilities of others based on racial stereotypes, whether to include symbolic or institutionalized forms of discrimination such as the circulation of ethnic stereotypes through the media, and whether to include the sociopolitical dynamics of social stratification that sometimes have a racial component. In sociology and psychology, some definitions include only consciously malignant forms of discrimination. Some definitions of racism also include discriminatory behaviors and beliefs based on cultural, national, ethnic, caste, or religious stereotypes. While race and ethnicity are considered to be separate phenomena in contemporary social science, the two terms have a long history of equivalence in popular usage and olderShow MoreRelatedRacism : Racism And Racial Discrimination1713 Words   |  7 PagesRacism is defined as a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one s own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others (Olsen, 2014) While most white Americans acknowledge that racism is a problem in the United States, white people are half as likely as black people to see it as a major problem. Three out of fourRead MoreRacial Discrimination And Racism1760 Words   |  8 PagesHistorian Robin DG Kelley once said, â€Å"[Racism] is not how you look, it is how people assign meaning to how you look†. In historian Kelleys interview, he direct ly touches upon discrimination as a concern society neglects to negotiate. Many individuals of color are perceived differently due to their pigment. Racism has been a growing concern in the United States for decades now, however, no significant progress is made by political officials in addressing it, making it a hotly debated, contagiousRead MoreRacial Discrimination : Racism And Discrimination1244 Words   |  5 PagesRacial discrimination has been an ugly face lingering around for generations. It baffles me how it still exists today. It’s interesting to me because how do you know who to discriminate against. What type of individual will promote such distasteful thoughts? Why is racial discrimination still relevant? I guess the real question will be is how to overcome racial discrimination. The beginning of racial discrimination stems from when the European settlers landed in America and conquered the NativeRead MoreRacial Racism And Racial Discrimination2091 Words   |  9 Pages Abstract This paper will discuss the racial microaggression how it has influenced the United States in the past decade. Then, describe the racial microaggression influence that affects the individual view. Next describe the community-level influence, impact of racial microaggression, and racial stereotypes are a major problem in our society. Then, discuss the research on racial microaggression is it a social condition that can arise as a result of the conformityRead MoreRacism : Racial Discrimination And Injustice1257 Words   |  6 Pagescreated what people now know of as racism. For centuries, racism has been a part of society, shaping the way humans view each other, but with the aid of Young Women s Christian Association (YWCA) - Stand Against Racism, racial discrimination and injustice can be eliminated. All across the United States, African Americans are faced with racial prejudice, a negative attitude towards a group of people based on race — not on direct knowledge or experience. This kind of racial prejudice began in the 17thRead MoreRacism : Racial Discrimination And Prejudice1556 Words   |  7 Pages Racism has become about only blacks and whites like those are the only races. I am also a Hispanic female, and I disagree that African-Americans and Americans should be the only ones in the media every time something happens. The quotes from the film were blasted all over the Internet. What about things happening with other races? We never think about major things like this. People act like racism only happens within these two races. We have other minorities and races, so should it be okay for everyoneRead MoreRacism : Racial Discrimination And Cultural Genocide1042 Words   |  5 PagesFirst Nations people have suffered immensely through various bouts of gender discrimination and cultural genocide. If you take a look at the racism that these people face today it’s clear to see that the one underlying factor connecting all these events is racism. Whether it be through the Indian Act or the creation of residential schools, racism has been the driving force behind these horribl e events, and much of that racism has survived to get to this day and age. Both in the past and today peopleRead MoreRacism : Racism Or Racial Profiling923 Words   |  4 PagesHistorically, racism has existed through out human history from 500- 1000 years. Racism is considered to be directed on the part of the Westerners towards the non westerners, such as the Asians, Africans and others. Racism however, is defined as hatred imposed from one person to another. Racism can also be that one particularly race is more superior than the other, or less human, due to the state of origin, colour of skin, language, ethnicity, gender, religious, and different biological characteristicsRead MoreEssay on Defining Racial Discrimination?775 Words   |  4 PagesFor discrimination to occur both power and prejudice need to come together, forming barriers that oppress a person or group of people deemed inferior. Discrimination can be intentional or unintentional. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines racism, as the belief that race is the primary determinant of human tr aits and capacities, and produces an inherent superiority of a particular race. Racial discrimination refers to discriminatory actions based on race or skin color. Racial discrimination canRead MoreBlack And White Racism : Racism1189 Words   |  5 PagesWhite Racism Introduction For a long time, racism has occurred as a controversial and hotly debated topic in the American society. Racism has infiltrated the way individuals behave, think, and act in different capacities. It is a grievous insult in referring somebody to as a ‘racist’. Black Americans have accused whites, the nation’s ethnic majority for racism, whereas whites have also accused blacks of racism. Widespread uncertainty, disagreement, and confusion concerning the subject of racism have

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Essay on Anthony Burgess A Clockwork Orange - 1497 Words

Anthony Burgess A Clockwork Orange Choice and free will are necessary to maintain humanity, both individually and communally; without them, man is no longer human but a â€Å"clockwork orange†, a mechanical toy, as demonstrated in Anthony Burgess’ novel, â€Å"A Clockwork Orange†. The choice between good and evil is a decision every man must make throughout his life in order to guide his actions and control his future. Forcing someone to be good is not as important as the act of someone choosing to be good. This element of choice, no matter what the outcome, displays man’s power as an individual. â€Å"A Clockwork Orange† starts with Alex posing the question: â€Å"what’s it going to be then, eh?†. Burgess begins the story by demonstrating that Alex†¦show more content†¦The government controls Alex’s free will by means of the Ludovico Technique, which makes Alex physically ill at the mere consideration of violent thoughts. When Alex is in the â€Å"staja† the Governor states that criminals â€Å"can best be dealt with on a purely curative basis. Kill the criminal reflex†¦Ã¢â‚¬ . The Governor does not understand that criminal intent is not an unrestrained reaction, but the result of autonomy. The voice of reason in the prison is the prison Chaplin who questions the ethics of interfering with God’s gift of moral choice, â€Å"goodness comes from within†¦.goodness is something chosen. When a man cannot choose he ceases to be a man†. Again through one of his characters, Burgess is stating that inhibiting a pers on’s free will is more evil than a person’s ability to choose evil over good. If one cannot choose, one ceases to be human and is exactly like a machine controlled by the government. After Alex undergoes the Ludovico Technique, he stops asking â€Å"what’s it going to be then, eh?† only to prove that Alex has lost his free will. Alex’s question that was so prominent disappears and the mere thought of violence makes him physically ill. Dr Branom explains the effects of the technique to Alex : â€Å"you are being made sane, you are being made healthy†. The government and the doctors are convinced that they are making Alex â€Å"sane† and â€Å"healthy†. On the contrary, they are controlling his ability to have a choice in his actions. The doctors areShow MoreRelatedAnthony Burgess and A Clockwork Orange987 Words   |  4 Pagesnothing you can do about it. Anthony Burgess created this world through his novel, A Clockwork Orange. Anthony Burgess was born in 1917 and died in 1963. A lot of social changes occurred during this period of time, such as: the roaring twenties, prohibition, the Great Depression, World War II, the fa ll of the Berlin Wall, and many more. Burgess not only lived through those changes, but also helped influences some social changes in literature and music. Anthony Burgess was a jack-of-all-trades throughoutRead MoreA Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess1960 Words   |  8 PagesAnthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange has been placed under much scrutiny by literary critics and readers everywhere. Furthermore, this highly criticized novel contains a myriad of ways to engage with the work, whether it is from the psychological or ethical perspective. Through College Literature Journal’s article â€Å"O My Brothers†, the unnamed author draws interesting connections between the main character’s development and how pseudo-families and pseudo- self plays a part on this said developmentRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess1383 Words   |  6 PagesFree Will in Humans In the novel, A Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess argues how free will is empowered by society and the government. Through the character Alex, the author is able to explicate his ideas of how the government strips Alex’s freewill while being in presence of violence in order to force him to be good. But is Alex still considered human without choice? Is goodness considered good when it is not chosen? People have the right to choose right from wrong on their own, just like AlexRead MoreA Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess1034 Words   |  5 PagesImagine having stolen, raped, and even murdered all at the age of 15. The new canon of dark literature and controversy has finally hit the stage. A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess written in 1962 could only be described in the old cockney expression â€Å"queer as a clockwork orange†. Meaning it is bizarre internally, but appears natural on the surface. The story begins with the protagonist and narrator Alex a 15-year-old boy, who sets the bar for the most cold-blooded and callous characters of literatureRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess1473 Words   |  6 PagesLinking the fundamental conflict between individual identity and societal identity with musical imagery in the story â€Å"A Clockwork Orange† by Anthony Burgess, creates a lens through which one can recognize the tendency that violence can destroy an individual’s identity. The main protagonist and narrator of the story is Alex and although he associates violence with his own individual identity and sense of self, he consistently reveals the impossibility of remaining an individual in the face of group-orientedRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess2327 Words   |  10 Pagesat the last round the bearded lips of God, to attempt to impose, I say, laws and conditions appropriate to a mechanical creation, against this I raise my sword-pen,† Anthony Burgess in his novel ‘A Clockwork Orange’ , which happens to be a scathing critique of totalitarian government, through the character of F. Alexander. Burgess is attempting to criticize the type of governments that try to limit the freedom of an individual through science and technology. To be more specific, the use of ‘LudovicoRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess2443 Words   |  10 PagesIn A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, Alex, the protagonist is a fifteen-year-old boy who commits ultra-violent acts out of pure pleasure. The allegory present throughout the novel shows that Alex is ruthless and does not feel pain when experiencing the deaths of others. Throughout the journey of a small portion of Alex’s life, vivid representations of settings are used to portray the dark deeds done by Alex and his friends. Burgess also uses distinct dialect to individualize Alex and his friendsRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess2415 Words   |  10 PagesA Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess, a s tory of a young troublemaker who rebels in every way possible against his society’s norms. The main character, Alex progresses throughout the story learning how his actions affect his future. Along the way Alex conforms, or at least pretends to, whenever necessary to survive or to get his way. However, during his incarceration, he underwent a procedure that altered his ability to rebel. This made Alex realize there are other was to adapt and overcome besidesRead MoreA Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess1410 Words   |  6 Pages Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange has long been regarded as one of the most difficult books to read, both due to its heavy use of made-up slang, and the overtly violent nature of the main character, Alex. When Stanley Kubrick’s version was produced in 1971, the movie earned an R or NC-17 rating, due to the sheer amount of violence. The subject matter of the movie was violence at it’s very nature. However, upon closer examination, there are many references to religion, Christianity in particularRead MoreAnalysis Of Anthony Burgess s A Clockwork Orange819 Words   |  4 Pageshumans from machines. Anthony Burgess, author of A Clockwork Orange, believes this trait is a person’s freedom to make conscious decisions. By taking away a person’s ability to choose between doing the right thing or the wrong thing, you also take away what makes them human. A Clockwork Orange creates a world documenting the decay of a person’s will to live and the lo ss of their humanity when their freedom of choice is taken away. Alex, the protagonist of A Clockwork Orange, is a textbook example

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

The Connection Between Ernest Hemingway And Nature free essay sample

Essay, Research Paper Ignorance is bliss. True felicity lies in simpleness. We have all heard these expressions at one point or another in our lives. Apparently, the same held true for Ernest Hemingway, as he appears to hold taken them to bosom. Ernest Hemingway s perceptual experience of that which was beautiful was ever that which was simple. And what could perchance be any simpler than nature itself? It lacks the jumble and complexness of work forces and engineering ever chattering about and interrupting things. Nature is simple, violent, wild, and above all, pure. It can non be contaminated by the trickeries of adult male, for if it were, so it would discontinue being nature. That is another ground that I believe Hemingway was infatuated with it ; it can non be touched. It can non be tainted. To populate harmonizing to natural jurisprudence, this realease of the imaginativeness. In detecting truth we create beauty. We will write a custom essay sample on The Connection Between Ernest Hemingway And Nature or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page As I said before, Hemingway believed that nature was the ultimate. It was simple, it was beautiful, it was clean. It was flawlessness. For Hemingway, nature was good. It epitomized all that he stood for. Topographic points with the jumble of work forces constantly led to trouble and enduring or decease. Hemingway was truly large on simpleness in his plants. Everything was simple, from his manner, to his characters ( Internet Explorer: Catherine # 8211 ; simpleton if I of all time saw one ) . I think that he likened civilisation to a elephantine machine. The larger and more complex it got, the more things it did. However, when something gets larger and more complex, so that increases the opportunities and the countries that something can interrupt down. In A Farewell to Arms Hemingway said that the universe will interrupt you. It may non be today or tomorrow, but it will interrupt you, and if it can t interrupt you, so it will kill you. In any event, the universe ever wins, because it doesn t drama reasonably. Einstein said that, Not merely does God play dice ; but the dies are loaded. Not merely reasonably words, eh? It sums up how Hemingway felt about the universe. He knew that no affair how hard you fought, the universe would ever win in the terminal. But nature was a manner out. It wouldn t save you, but it could give you a approval ( or a expletive ) depending on how you look at it. It makes it so that you do non Have to believe. Of class you carry on idea procedures, but true deep idea is bound, gagged, and tied to a chair. You didn Ts have to believe about your inevitable loss or death. You could acquire off from it all, for a short piece at least ; in kernel, running, but non concealment. Besides, something that Hemingway used nature to cover with extensively was the ever-present nil. The nil is a derivative of the motion known as existential philosophy that developed after the first universe war. Many began to believe, after witnessing the range and horror of World War I, that life genuinely had no purpse to it. Nature was, for Hemingway and for Nick ( # 8221 ; In a Big Two Hearted River # 8221 ; ) a Clean, Illuminated Place ( The rubric of another of Hemingway # 8217 ; s lesser known plants, pardon the wordplay ) . A topographic point where you could acquire off from it all, where you wouldn Ts have to Think about your life. As many philosophers have said, this universe is a rough one. You have happiness or you don # 8217 ; t, you have friends and lovers or you don # 8217 ; t, you have money or you don # 8217 ; t, and for those people who don # 8217 ; T, there must be a topographic point where they can seek a false sense of comfort, like a quiet coffeehouse i n Spain. You will detect that I said false. Yes, it feels good while you are at that place, but when you walk out the door, or travel back place, a s you necessarily must, you face the nil once more. That being said, I think that Hemingway believed that nature is a truth. Well, more of a half-truth. Nature s simpleness allows it to be closer to the truth than one might really believe. In A Farewell to Arms 1 could ever trust on nature for penetration into the secret plan. The rain was ever a large index of how things were traveling. If you look, you will see that every individual clip something inordinately bad either happened or was traveling to go on, it was raining. Some have argued that rain is non a bad symbol in this book. I disagree. Rain was ever making something destructive in AFTA, either strike harding the foliages off of trees or making mud gangrenes for people who had to walk outside, or it was floging at people s faces. Besides, think realistically for a 2nd. Who likes being outside during a storm. I don t. Who would bask holding rain rain you and biting your face all the clip? And who could bury the chiropteran that paid Frederick and Catherine a visit? A chiropteran winging into thier room was surely non a good portents in any sense. Bats have been forerunners of day of reckoning in many civilizations, and I think that that peculiar component was incorporated into this narrative. Of class, nature is non limited to being a history of a decease foretold. It is something that one can touch. In A Farewell to Arms Hemingway attacked the ideals of award, heroism, trueness, and other like-minded things. These things, Hemingway argued, were nil. Honor is incapable of feeding your kids. Loyalty will non maintain your married woman warm while she waits in bed for you, fearing for your life every dark that you are contending the war. Hemingway put small stock in such things. Have you of all time seen a ball of heroism, or a spot of selflessness? No. His point was that if you stacked those things on a graduated table with the organic structures of all who had been killed in the war, it wouldn t even make a bloody dent in the tipping of the graduated tables. Nature, on the other manus, could be grasped and seen and tasted and felt. Nature was something TANGIBLE. It was existent. It was the stone that Hemingway could sit on and it was an ground tackle for Nick s psyche in A Big Two-Hearted River. Possibly that was why it was a clean illuminated topographic point for Hemingway. Work forces have ever strived for calling things. Labeling them so that they think they have control of things. However, I think that this is merely a screen for things that they don t want to see. Someone one time said, In detecting the truth, we create beauty. I explained one reading of that line. However, I think that there is a dual significance to it. It deals with the Nothing. When we realize what it is, we create beauty so that we don t have to see what s genuinely at that place. Nature is alot. Alot of something. But can t somthing besides be nil? I think so. When one genuinely thinks about it, certain nature is pullulating with life, but what is it beyond that. Wide unfastened infinites. Vast, empty countries. It s a whole batch of nil. Nature is so peaceable because you are so near to the Nothing when you immerse yourself in it. I think that adult male is unable to get by with that, and so we have labelled nature to be beautiful. We call it a clean illuminated topographic p oint, that last barrier against the nil. It s non our best defence against it, you understand. It is simply the concluding 1. In many books ( Heart of Darkness, for illustration ) what was genuinely found at the bosom of nature? Nothing. Sometimes the best topographic point to conceal is right out in the unfastened.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Arctic Essays - Arctic, Artic, Pollution, Lichen, Sea

The Arctic The Artic Introduction. The Artic is a region at the upper most tip of the Northern Hemisphere. The Artic includes the area around Greenland, USSR, Canada and Alaska. Much of the Artic circle is permanently frozen ice. The Artic is a pristine environment, clean and void of human interference. However as humans move into these areas and begin to extract what ever they can be balance can be tipped, resulting in pollution and destruction of the environment. Climate. The Artic winters much longer than the Summer. In the winter the sun never rises and in the summer it never sets. The average temperature for the Artic is zero degrees of less. Industry and the Artic. There was once a time when the land of the Artic Circle was considered useless and only hospitable to those native to it. However once vast quantities of oil and fish had been found there was a rush of interest in the land. Fishing in the Artic has occurred for thousands of years but in recent years man has been fishing the Artic; in greater numbers and taking more fish. Professional fishermen are taking all kinds of fish as well as whales and seals. In some areas fishermen have become so efficient at their job that quotas have needed to be put on to limit or stop the capture of certain animals. There are many mineral deposits within the Artic Circle. In Russia: nickel, iron ore, apatite, diamonds, gold, tin, coal, mica, and tungsten. In Sweden: iron ore. In Greenland: lead, zinc, molybdenum and cryolite. Spitsbergen: coal. Canada: uranium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, tungsten and iron ore. The digging out of minerals would inevitably disturb the natural habitat as well as the environment there would be a great cost to maintain the site. Industry that is designed to process various minerals have waste products that would be most unwelcome in the Artic. A good example of this is the pollution that has arisen as a result of the smelting of metals in the Artic. It is for this reason that there is very little industry in the Artic. However Russia, Canada, Greenland and Iceland have several small scale manufacturing plants. The largest industry in the Artic is oil. The rush began in 1968 when a large oil field was discovered, there was a great deal of protest but the development went ahead. Oil extracted from the felid makes its way to Port Valdez via a 1300 kilometre pipeline. Although steps were taken to limit the pipelines affect on the environment it still disrupts the migration of caribou. In 1989 the unthinkable happened and the super tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground spilling millions of gallons of crude oil into the Prince William Sound. The effects of the slick were devastating. Within a week workers counted 24000 dead sea birds and 1000 sea otters. The effects of the slick were felt throughout the food chain from photoplankton to bears. The Exxon company funded the clean up but there was no compensation for the hundreds of people that lost their job as a result of the slick. Pollution of the Artic A large threat to the Artic is transboundry pollution and bioaccumulation. These are both complex subjects but are easily explained. Transboundry pollution is the pollution of the Artic from other countries. The ocean currents and wind conditions result in large amounts of pollution being deposited in the Artic. In winter when the sun is low thick blankets of haze can be seen over the Artic. Bioaccumulation is the process where pollutants build up in the Artic because they cannot be broken down due to the extreme cold. Once harsh chemicals find their way into the food chain they stay there forever, trapped in the animals and sediments. A result of increased pollutants in the atmosphere is the occurrence of acid rain. Sulphur and Nitrogen dioxides drift from developed countries and when they mix with water in the atmosphere they can produce acid rain as strong as lemon juice. The acid snow melts in summer and spring producing an acid shock that can kill animals and plants alike. In 1986 the nuclear reactor in Chernoybl exploded sending a nuclear cloud into the atmosphere that among other places contaminated plants and animals in the Artic region. Particularly affected were lichens, lichens are a plant that makes up the majority of a reindeers' diet. When the reindeers ate the lichens they became radioactive and many thousands had to be shot. Tourism vs conservation. In the battle between tourism and conservation, tourism seems to always win. However in the Artic tourism has so far had little effect (compared to other human activity) on the